Islamic Based Programming (IBP) Study Report

January 2023

In 2017, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights introduced the "Faith for Rights" framework, promoting a collaborative space for the intersection of religion and human rights, leading to the Beirut Declaration. This declaration promotes the role of faith in supporting rights, equality, and inclusion. By 2022, the Summit of the Americas emphasised the significant roles faith leaders play in contemporary political and security matters, highlighting their constructive involvement in global and regional affairs.

In Somalia, Islam has consistently influenced society, politics, and culture, becoming more prominent after the 1991 government collapse. Despite the association of radical Islam with groups like Al Shabab, Somalia's Islamic narrative is diverse. Traditionally, development sectors overlooked the transformative potential of Islamic principles in Somalia. However, a shift is occurring, recognising the role of Islam in addressing justice and security needs, including gender justice and social inclusion.

Our report examines the role of Islamic frameworks in politics, security, and justice in Somalia, focusing on Jubaland and South-West State. Our study highlights the pervasive influence of Islamic principles in legal and institutional frameworks and explores complex debates on inclusion within Islamic institutions.